Critical Trilogy

a critic's millennial journey

HIEROS GAMOS

The Rise of the Unifying Symbol in Twenty-first  Century Art

"The Hieros Gamos" by Vincent Baldassano

The destruction of the World Trade Center on Sept. 11, 2001 thrust us into a new cultural epoch in which the symbol takes on supreme importance.  This became clear with the unveiling of numerous models for reconstruction inspired by the Caduceus, the two intertwined snakes serving as a symbol for healing and wholeness.  The twin towers is also the Gemini sign of communication; our modern day Tower of Babel was struck down by our own acts of hubris.

In Hindu culture, the symbol of the intertwined ida and pingula represents the flow of the kundalini, or serpent power, up the spinal chord from the base of the spine to the crown of the head.  This integration represents right/left brain, male/female and conscious/unconscious.  This unity in the body sought by yoga is a solution to the external polarization of the opposites that we experience, for example, in politics.  Television has exacerbated this societal split.  In cutting back news reporters, programs resort to talking heads which are booked in accordance to their political affiliation: left or right.  So, where the medium is the message, the message has become polarized.

"Caduceus" symbol of the hieros gamos from ancient Sumer

Given this circumstance, artists have a responsibility to with unifying symbols in the unconscious in the alchemical tradition.  In creating works that contain the opposites, artists themselves work on integrating the polarities in their personality.  The integration of inner and outer realms is where the sacred marriage manifests through a unification of opposites.  This archetype is what C.G. Jung referred to as the Self.

The art containing the archetype is the art that best serves the global community.  Yet, how do we recognize it?  But before we can even answer this question, we need to know more about the origins and why it is surfacing into the collective right now.

 

Carl Apfelschmidt's "Ouroboros"

Transitional Art Forms

The moral relativism of postmodernism meant there are no gods to hold us accountable.  Therefore, self-interest takes precedence over morality and moral relativity prevails.  Likewise, there is no objective truth.

Yet, Sept. 11 returned the problem of evil to the forefront, thereby bringing on the swift demise of postmodernism, which denied absolutes in favor of a de-centered world where morality is ambiguous.  But to look into the problem of morality entering physics, we turn to the Heisenberg Principle and how it has been consciously incorporated into art at the close of the twentieth century, leading to a new epoch where acknowledgement of uncertainly is given a place in the work of art, thereby providing both a factor of holism and opening to change.

The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle evolved during World War II to address the problem of evil.  It provides a theoretical framework for the issue of how an experiment is influenced by the consciousness of the scientist.  In the past it was assumed that all experiments would be performed by a patriarchal consciousness.  Well, the incorporation of minorities and women into the art world reflected how the consciousness of the Other would be reflected in art.

Around the turn of the millennium, I noticed various cutting edge dance pieces incorporating the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle by placing a figure in street clothes on stage.  This figure represented the ego of the choreographer, a metaphor for the temporary condition of the artist self-consciously observing his process of creation.   This state of self-consciousness was an essential component of postmodernism that eventually became corrupting when postmodern art become synonomous with cynical, so much so that it alienated any potential audiences.  Yet, by creating works that acknowledged this aspect of the postmodern, the artist was absorbing this consciousness into their body of work and preparing for an unconscious leap into the fertile territory of the erotic.  It was as if human instinct, in finally recognizing its existential state of aloneness, finally leap into the dark to a unexpectedly joyful interconnectedness with the universe.  Out of the desperation for evolutionary movement, a new holism in art has been born.

The acknowledgement of the Heisenberg principle became an essential demarcation point on the cutting edge of performance.  Wiilliam Forstythe began in 1992 with the ticketape spelling out the fears of inertia.  His last performance had couples lying on stage, detached from the dancers but interconnected with one another.  This added the element of eros, where self-conscious of the one became the interconnection between the two.

In this sense, the unifying symbol is the ego consciousness.  The figure in street clothes represents the ordinary human being at a crucial cultural crossroads, as well as the artist who is limited by his own mind.  The challenge presented by these curators was this: how do we embrace our ordinariness in order to become extraordinary?  In acknowledging the limitations and effects of ego on creation, these cutting edge artists were also expressing a desire to move into new territory.  Postmodernism served to deconstruct the patriarchal archetypes and bring former outsiders into the culture, but in its latter stages the movement had become dependent on external referencing that there was nothing left to reference.  How do you make a xerox of a xerox?  The self-consciousness expressed on stage by cutting edge choreographers was actually a turning point for a new unified expression to emerge.

Into this state of cultural void at the change of millennium was a return to eroticism heralded by a superb Surrealist exhibition at the Met.  A new willingness to look at gender with the goal no longer being separatist identity movements but rather, a unification reflected in the globalization of art.

Polarities were emphasized during the last portion of the 20th century during the era of single interest politics and various social movements such as Black Power, Feminism and Gay Pride.

The unifying symbol of the World Trade Center has eradicated single interest politics and separatist movements.  This brings us to the question of what other symbols could guide us into a new holistic era.  We must now turn to the feminine, which gives birth to the new forms.  What new archetypes of the feminine are emerging?  Ironically, we need only look to the news to find the place where the sacred marriage was practiced in ancient Sumer, which is present day Iraq.

Sacred Marriage ceremony; cylinder seal from Sumer

Hieros Gamos

The hieros gamos, or sacred marriage, is one of the earliest recorded public ceremonies in written history.    The Sacred Marriage Rites took place in ancient Sumer and were deemed essential for the fertility of the land.  The myth of the Holy Grail had to do with the Fisher King whose impotence reflected drought.  This drought too happened under the postmodern movement at the close of the 20th century, the world weariness of its endless copying (making Xeroxes of Xeroxes)  reflecting the very fact of infertility in the culture.   The scandal of the Clinton White house with the symbol of the semen stained blue dress carried the myth into modern times revealing the sexual potency of the ruler restoring eroticism after feminists had drained it from the culture.

The ideal 21st century performance art would then be on that which constellates the hieros gamos, or alchemical conuictio, which explains why artists at the forefront of this movement have documented the incarnatio with photography that fixed the conuictio in form.  Therefore, we have the realization of symbols arising from the changeable conuinctio reflective of the natural process of life/death/rebirth arising from the fixed constellations.of the patriarchal archetypes.  Jung failed to grasp this reality because he was trapped within it.

Jung’s belief that the Neoplatonic quaternity would be the unchangeable art of which the incarnatio would be born.   In his penetrating analysis on this topic of the Return of the World Soul, Dr. Remo Roth explains the necessity of including the feminine in the Christian trinity.

My experience in working with the emergence of this archetype is the inevitability of the birth arising from the feminine.  The feminine gives birth to the Self before she can birth the new man.  Thus we have the origins of the Kundalini Awakening in the 21st century in the feminist art of the seventies, giving way to the feminist spirituality within the New Age movement of the eighties and the thrust to personal embodiment spreading like wildfire in the grassroots in the first decade of the 21st century.

The Christian trinity of the father, son and Holy Ghost leaves out the divine face of the feminine.  And yet, the Neoplatonic quaternity that Jung was clinging onto is also static, an unchangeable idea of wholeness which precludes the incarnatio of the conuinctio through the immersion of spirit (masculine) in matter (feminine).

"Amethyst Portal Outline" by Harlan E. Gruber

Thus, we return to the ascent of the symbol.  In the symbol of the hieros gamos we find the reigning absolute to which the ego remains subordinate.  The quest of the hieros gamos replaces moral relativism; the sacred marriage of masculine and feminine is the new god of the age to which all else remains subordinate.  This image fits into the Jungian belief that the Self circumscribed the ego, which couldn’t perceive the Self in the manner that a goldfish cannot perceive the water in the fish bowl.  Therefore, artist leap into unconscious territory – the gray borders between disciplines – allow for the free expression of Self.  How can the work contain the statement that the ego is not in control?  By creating a symbol for ego in the character sitting on stage in street clothes who remains detached while marking time during the performance taking place all around him.

These transitional works utilized the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle to move the work of art beyond a state of manifestation of the creator’s ego.  In doing so, they addressed the moral relativism of postmodernism through representation.  The figures were present but not engaged in the action.  They were representations of Jung’s static quaternity while the action on stage was free to move into unknown territory of the incarnatio moving in a direction towards the conunctio, or hieros gamos.

Astrologers interpret the constellations of an emerging archetypes as the planets in motion against a backdrop of fixed stars.  Returning to the ancient constellations that create this constant backdrop, even as the constellations of the signs change with the Precession of the Equinoxes.  We find the myth of Ariadne in the Northern Crown, with seven stars representing the seven chakras of the body, or seven stages of the journey of Venus on her underworld descent.  These ancient mythologies continue to enlighten the artist’s journey underground to death and rebirth.  Marina Abramovic provided a new image of the sacred feminine for the collective when Venus went retrograde in this constellation in November 2002 and she responded with her award winning performance The House with the Ocean View.

Dr. Remo F. Roth:   “A further concept I have developed in the so-called synchronistic life.  Almost everything in my creative life happens synchronistically because I have learned to develop in some sort of altered state which I call Eros Consciousness like this real miracles can happen and my creative work is accelerated and deepened mostly in a totally unforseeable way.”

This brings us to a new expression that celebrates life, not only doing away with the nihilism that reigned at the end of the twemtieth century but places it in its proper perspective – the new version of the ancient Myth of Eternal Return.  The dying god/goddess reborn into a new age of humanity also delivers the characteristics of that age.

And clearly, in our times we expect artists to deliver the Aquarian archetypes via their interpretations of this myth that holds all of humanity in its thrall.

c.  Lisa Paul Streitfeld, “The Hieros Gmaos Project”,  August 15, 2006

17 Comments »

  1. Dear Ms. Streitfeld,

    Please reread Jung’s ideas. Your understanding is incomplete. For example, the quaternity is not static; it is a dynamism, see “Aion”, volume 9 part II of Jung’s Collected Works.

    Comment by Carol Spicuzza | August 17, 2010 | Reply

    • My shamanic training came with a warning to “go beyond Jung” who was, after all, imbedded in the patriarchy. As I left the insular world of Jungians behind, I began to investigate. First, I read with great interest Claire Douglas’ book, “Translate this Darkness: The Life of Christina Morgan, the Veiled Woman in Jung’s Circle,” a startling account of Jung’s inability to mirror the dark feminine via this patient. This shattering insight into Jung’s human limitations eventually led to a breakthrough prompted by a full immersion into the website of Dr. Remo Roth (http://www.psychovision.ch/rfr/roth_e.htm) and his brilliant analysis of the conflict between Jung and Wolfgang Pauli regarding the configuration for the 21st Century archetype (the underlying subject of all my writing). Although Jung analyzed the dark feminine in Pauli’s dreams in a nearly 30 year correspondence, he couldn’t reconcile himself to this archetype in his life, which prevented him from embracing the very archetype of the Self that he predicted. This is the key that Roth provides with his Jungian background (he collaborated with Marie Louise von Franz) and insights via his translation of this correspondence: Jung’s view of the quaternity is static because it is Neoplatonic, i.e. it continues to repress the dark feminine while Pauli’s Seal of Solomon contains both divine masculine and divine feminine. My experiments came up with this conclusion: the quaternity is an essential foundation for the hieros gamos because stability (of the four) is a necessary stage before the progression through the five (the kundalini desire/attraction of Venus) to arrive at the harmony of the six (Seal of Solomon). It is for this reason that I launched my curating with “Icons of the 21st Century” and then realized we couldn’t arrive at the Self until we confronted the shadow of the dark feminine, which resulted in “Black Madonna” (http://blackmadonna.wordpress.com), and after developing a visual language for the long repressed kundalini, could then put together “Woman in the 21st Century: Margaret Fuller and the Sacred Marriage” with its sacred geometry of the Seal of Solomon. (<a (http://womaninthe21stcentury.wordpress.com). Thank you for your reading and comment!

      Comment by Lisa Paul Streitfeld | August 19, 2010 | Reply

      • I would encourage you to read Jung for yourself and not rely on Roth’s understanding, nor Douglas’. Von Franz was in complete agreement with Jung.
        The idea of the quaternity is about integrating both aspects of the feminine, the dark and the light. After the confrontation with the shadow comes the attempt at integration; Jung tells us that there must be more than a confrontation.
        I agree that Jung was embedded in the patriarchy, and yet, so are we!

        Comment by Carol Spicuzza | August 20, 2010

    • Thank you, Carol. I also had to leave the “insular world of Jungians, behind. It was the only chance to developing some new insights that go beyond the split into physics/science and Jung’s theory, into matter and soul (being complementary, as Wolfgang Pauli showed). Marie-Louise von Franz must have a hunch of my ability. This is why she said to me: “I cannot go further than C.G. Jung, but you, Remo, you must!” I tried this in the two volumes of “Return of the World Soul, Wolfgang Pauli, C.G. Jung and the Challenge of Psychophysical Reality,” Pari Publishing, Pari, Italy. I am going on with all this in my manuscript “Holy Wedding” I am continueing to write at the moment.

      Comment by Remo F. Roth | June 26, 2012 | Reply

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  5. “This shattering insight into Jung’s human limitations eventually led to a breakthrough prompted by a full immersion into the website of Dr. Remo Roth (http://www.psychovision.ch/rfr/roth_e.htm)”

    This work is now published in English with the title “Return of the World Soul, Wolfgang Pauli, C.G. Jung and the Challenge of Psychophysical Reality”, Pari Publishing, Italy 2011. It shows why and how Jung’s quaternity cannot be the background of the so-called coniunctio, the reunion of the archetypal masculine with the archetypal feminine. It shows this by a profound discussion of the (mostly German) letter’s exchange of W. Pauli, C.G. Jung, Marie-Louise von Franz, C.A. Meier, Markus Fierz (a colleague of Pauli’s), and in its last chapter “Conclusions and Outlook” it summarizes the open questions for solving the problem of the coniunctio. The solution will be presented in Part 2 to be published in 2012.

    Remo F. Roth
    Zurich

    Comment by dr.remo.roth@psychovision.ch | January 17, 2012 | Reply

  6. PS: The name of my new hompage is http://www.paulijungunusmundus.eu, where you find also parts of “Return of the World Soul” and other articles on Pauli and Jung

    Comment by dr.remo.roth@psychovision.ch | January 17, 2012 | Reply

  7. Part II of “Return of the World Soul” is to be published in May 2012

    Remo F. Roth
    Zurich

    Comment by Remo F. Roth | March 30, 2012 | Reply

    • Thank you Dr. Remo Roth for your update and earlier comment. I salute your groundbreaking work on the hieros games! Your insights were crucial to the development of my “hieros games” theory of 21st century art. I refer to your scholarship when I give a public talk or write a paper, most recently in: <a href="http://artsinsociety.com/2012/01/arts-journal-latest-papers-11/&quot; title=""Overcoming the Heisenberg Principle: Art Theory Arising out of Wolfgang Pauli’s Collapsed Wave" published by the Journal of Arts in Society, which is available on-line at http://ija.cgpublisher.com/product/pub.85/prod.822

      Comment by Lisa Paul Streitfeld | March 30, 2012 | Reply

  8. Thank you, Lisa.
    During the next days Part 2 of “Return of the World Soul” is published and distributed (first in the UK). It contains my psychophysical theory. I had to realize that there is a magic energy. It is neither physical energy nor Jung’s objective psychic energy. It is a third type of energy, the energy of the “unus mundus” or psychophysical reality (W. Pauli). The background of these processes containing the magical energy is the Hermetic alchemical “hieros gamos” or the Holy Wedding. Similar to Daoism, there is an exchange between physical and magic energy (yang > yin). Then, a retransformation takes place (yin > yang), and the result of the twin process is physical energy (yang) with altered order (physicists would call this increased negentropy). Whether this energy leads to positive or negative effects is dependent of the state of the consciousness. If it remains in the Logos, the resulting effects become destructive. This was the case in the famous Pauli effects. If, however, we are able to enter what I call Eros consciousness, such phenomena become constructive. I use this method in Body-Centered Imagination or Symptom/Symbol Transformation in the case of physical disease. In them some sort of constructive Pauli effects happen; this means that in our body a constructive energy is created that leads to the recovery of the disease. Remo

    Comment by Remo F. Roth | May 12, 2012 | Reply

    • Thank you for this comment Dr. Roth. You have done something so valuable by bringing the principles of kundalini yoga, which are now entering the collective, into the academy. I salute you and refer our readers to my recent publication which cites your groundbreaking scholarship surrounding Eros Consciousness which led to the development of my 21st century art theory sourced in the hieros games: http://ija.cgpublisher.com/product/pub.85/prod.822

      Comment by Lisa Paul Streitfeld | May 20, 2012 | Reply

  9. Lisa, perhaps you could write a critic about my two books (in the Huffington Post) ??? Would help a lot for its distribution to more people
    I can send you a copy of Part 2.

    Comment by Remo F. Roth | May 12, 2012 | Reply

  10. Part 2 of “Return of the World Soul” is delayed because of troubles with the Italian printer. The publisher has now found a printer in Germany. Italy for holidays, Germany for doing serious work ;)

    Comment by Remo F. Roth | June 26, 2012 | Reply

  11. […] Mutu’s “Feather Face” (2010) is where the sacred marriage finds her form in the ever-present origin of the ancient Sky […]

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  12. […] The legendary lovers Tristan and Isolde as the inner marriage, symbolized by the A as hexagram, universal symbol of the hieros gamos. […]

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